Nicaragua International School in Granada, Nicaragua is not defined as a Waldorf school, however, especially in pre-school education, we were inspired by its pedagogical principles, focusing on the value of rhythm and imitation for the proper development of the will.
- The pedagogical value of imitation at these ages: the adult should always be an example, worthy of imitation; so are the other children.
- The development of the will in these ages: to teach the child to decide and want to do the things that correspond with their personal development, in a guiding and inviting way, without force, giving the child the freedom to explore things the way that suits him or her best.
- Assessment and evaluation of child development based more on the process than on the results, respecting and observing the individuality and different rhythms of the personal development of every child, always paying attention to their individual needs.
Comprehensive learning (body, mind, spirit):
1. Motor skills: gross (walking, climbing, jumping, running, sitting, standing…) and fine (grasping, moving progressively finer)
2. Social skills: collecting and sorting toys, helping prepare the meals, setting and clearing the table, thanking for food, cleaning tables and shelves, washing the dishes…
3. Hygienic habits: toileting, washing hands, brushing teeth…
4. Managing emotions: verbal and non-verbal expression, puppets to convey the emotions of the child.
5. Arts (music and visual arts in particular) songs in transitions, daily activities, games…; arts and crafts in daily activities.
6. In addition to the ‘classic’ language learning (through circle time, stories and daily interaction with the teachers) and math (counting in activities, songs about numbers, wooden shapes and figures and math in drawings and crafts.
The children know what comes next, which gives them peace of mind and security and teaches them to be introduced to time and its meaning.
- Daily rhythm: depends on daily schedule and based on the rhythm of breathing: inspiration = concentration (activities, circle time, stories) – relaxation (free play, rest after lunch)
- Weekly rhythm: defined by the song, activity and difference in food each day.
- Yearly rhythm: classroom decoration and seasons table, circle time, short stories, games and crafts.
- In addition to the experience of time, the change of nature throughout the year is also an opportunity to learn from Nicaraguan and other cultures, when it comes to cultural celebrations.
Providing the necessary stimuli for motor development (initially gross, fine later) for the sense of touch
* Toys and simple dolls, handmade of natural materials: development of the sense of touch, imagination, creativity. Cotton fabrics of different colors and sizes, balls and stuffed cotton felt or stones, large seeds, wood blocks of different sizes and shapes, dolls-babies with no more features than just some dots as eyes, trunks…